An electronic cigarette is a smoking cessation tool designed to allow deliverance of nicotine or non-nicotine without combustion or smoke as is found in traditional cigarettes. According to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, “Internet searches for e-cigs in the United States exceed other smoking alternatives, such as nicotine replacement or other smoking cessation products”. That includes smoking cessation products; nicotine lozenges, oral inhalants, nasal stray, skin patches and gums. There aren’t any scientific evidences of the how effective e-cigs are when used as smoking cessation tools.
Smoking cessation methods such as the products listed above focuses on a key element of smoking. That is nicotine addition, which some studies suggests is the reason behind individuals finding it difficult to quit smoking traditional cigarettes. The treatments of medications success rate is extremely low for those individuals trying to kick the habit of smoking. There were various studies conducted by Cochrane that measured smoking cessation using NRT (nicotine replacement therapy) and discovered that the “average six-month point frequency of smoking abstinences is only 17.8%”. The studies also found that the within a six-month rate of smoking abstinence is only 11.9%.
There were preliminary studies conducted that provide evidence that e-cigs maybe used to restrain the urge to smoke. The findings concluded with the preliminary studies that electronic cigarette used as a smoking cessation tool or method should be further studied using a thorough research plan. The only studies about the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool have only been conducted on an online survey. What maybe the reason behind companies and industries marketing and producing e-cigs without clinical research is the substantial costs associated with conducting such studies. It takes years for studies to be conducted and data to be collected to determine the long term effect of any product as it did with tobacco products.